關鍵字: 

At, on, in, about, around, by, with……英文的介係詞實在是太多了!

更難過的是,每個形容詞都會搭配特定的介係詞。

但別感到灰心,讓我們多看幾個搭配組合,就能漸漸找到背後的搭配大原則囉!

先來看看這幾個adjective+preposition的基本款:

(0:00-1:17為辨認形容詞;1:18-2:17解釋介係詞後面該接什麼;如果文法都沒問題,建議從2:18開始觀賞)

介系詞 英文

另外,再為各位補充幾個常見 adj.+prep. 的組合:

1. accustomed to

習慣於(+N / V-ing):

I am accustomed to staying up late. 我習慣晚睡。

My eyes gradually became accustomed to the darkness.  我的眼睛逐漸適應黑暗。

⇒ 補充:

(S.) be used to(習慣於+ N / V-ing): I am just not used to getting up early.

(S.) used to (過去習慣 + V): I used to play WoW, but I don’t have time for it now.

2. accused of

控告(be accused of + 罪行;to accuse sb. of + 罪行 ⇒ to blame sb. for sth. ⇒ to charge sb. with sth.):

O.J. Simpson was accused of murdering his ex-wife. OJ辛普森被控告謀殺自己的前妻。

3. acquainted with

與~相識;熟知~:

I am not acquainted with him. 我不認識他。

Are you fully acquainted with the details of this case?  你全然了解這案子的細節嗎?

4. addicted to

上癮~;耽溺於~(+ N / V-ing):

He is addicted to drugs. 他毒品成癮。

I am addicted to reading sci-fi. 我沉迷於看科幻小說。

5. ashamed of

感到羞愧的:

You should be ashamed of having lied to your girlfriend. 向女友說謊這件事應讓你感到羞愧。

6. aware of

了解;察覺~:

Almost everyone was aware of the smells of gas leaks before the explosion. 爆炸前,幾乎所有人都察覺到瓦斯外洩的味道。

7. attached to

充滿愛的;附屬~:

During the trip, Jason got increasingly attached to Nathan. 旅遊期間,Jason對Nathan的愛意越來越多了。

You will be attached to this department until the end of the month. 月底前你將暫歸屬於這個部門。

8. beneficial to

有助於~:

These are discoveries (which are) beneficial to mankind. 這些是有助於人類的發現。

9. capable of

有~的能力:

I don’t think I am capable of graduating in 2 years. 我不認為自己能夠在兩年內畢業。

10. certain about

確信、有把握~:

Are you absolutely certain about this? 你有全然的把握嗎?

*sure(確定的、有把握的)後也接 “about"

11. committed to

判處/押交~;忠於(某人);致力於~:

She was committed to prison for robbery. 她因搶劫而被判處入獄。

You are taught to be committed to your partner. 你被教育要忠於另一半。

VoiceTube is committed to making English learning more enjoyable. VoiceTube致力於使英語學習更加有樂趣。

12. content with

滿意~:

Don’t be content with patriarchal values. 別安於父權的價值。

13. different from

不同於~:

Your voice sounds different from those of your age. 你的聲音聽起來有異於你這年紀的人。

* “different than" 較常用於美式英文,因其之後可接子句(clause),例:Things are different than they were 2 years ago. vs. Things are different from the way they were 2 years ago.

14. discouraged by

因~感到沮喪:

She was discouraged by the death of her father. 她因為父親的死而感到沮喪。

15. disappointed with

對~感到失望:

I am disappointed with the results. 我對這結果感到失望。

16. eligible for

合乎資格的:

She still isn’t eligible for retirement. 她還未符合退休資格。

17. envious of

嫉妒:

I am envious of your abdominal muscles. 我羨慕妳的腹肌。 

18. familiar with

熟悉:

You better be familiar with your work. 你最好熟悉工作內容。  

19. grateful to

感謝(to sb. for sth.):

I’m grateful to you for all your help.  感謝你所有的幫助。

20. inferior to

低/次於~(⇔ superior):

Is it true that primitive people are inferior to civilized people? 原始人比文明人低等-這是真的嗎?

21. notorious for

惡名昭彰:

He is notorious for his nose-picking habit. 他因為挖鼻屎的習慣而惡名昭彰。

* famous for

22. opposed to

反對:

We are opposed to the construction of  nuclear power plants, for the radioactive waste can not be permanently contained or disposed. 我們反對核電廠的建造,因為無法永久儲存或丟棄放射性廢料。

* 反對某事:to oppose sth. / to object to sth.

23. proud of

以~為榮:

I am proud of my daughter. 我以我女兒為榮。

24. responsible for

負責:

I am responsible for your weight gain. 我要為你增加的體重負責。

25. similar to

和~相似:

My taste in music is similar to yours. 我的音樂品味與你相似。

*Similar in: The two girls are similar in appearances. 兩個女孩外觀相像。

最後,要特別注意個是,每個形容詞之後不一定只能接一種介係詞!以上特別挑選出來的25個例子,為常見的搭配組合。若有看到其他搭配方式,可以先查查字典,以確認該用法是否正確哦!

另外要特別提醒:寫作時,常習慣to後面就是接原形動詞,但從上述幾個例子我們可以發現,to其實常常當做介係詞使用(例:accustomed / addicted / beneficial / committed…之後所接的to),所以後面接的是名詞及動名詞喔!

如果想要一次搞定所有英文介係詞,也可以上VoiceTube搜尋『介係詞』或 “preposition" 來學習相關教學影片哦!

Source: Adjective & Preposition Combinations

(編按:大推~「不知道如何稱讚別人或事物? 25個比beautiful還要棒的形容詞」)

(本文轉載自 VoiceTube網站,歡迎加入VoiceTube的facebook看影片學英文)提醒:VoiceTube學英文影音,當點閱至該網站3次後需要登入看完整影音

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